What is Sodium Carbonate?
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid. It most commonly occurs as a crystalline decahydrate, which readily effloresces to form a white powder, the monohydrate. Pure sodium carbonate is a white, odorless powder that is hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air). It has a strongly alkaline taste, and forms a moderately basic solution in water. Sodium carbonate is well known domestically for its everyday use as a water softener.
Use Of Sodium Carbonate:
By far the largest consumption of sodium carbonate is in the manufacture of glass, paper, rayon, soaps, and detergents. It is also used as a water softener, since carbonate can precipitate the calcium and magnesium ions present in “hard” water. Sodium carbonate is a food additive (E500) used as an acidity regulator, anticaking agent, raising agent, and stabilizer. It is also used in the production of sherbet powder, etc.
CAUSTIC SODA FLAKE
What is Caustic Soda Flake?
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH−. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students.
Use Of Caustic Soda Flake:
Caustic soda flake is using in some industries, however it is most commonly use in: Caustic soda flake for making neutralizing acid, Caustic soda flake for making soap and detergents, Caustic soda flake for making Paper and pulp, Caustic soda flake for Oil and Gas Industries, Caustic soda flake for Pharmaceutical Industries, Caustic soda flake for Aluminum processing.
CAUSTIC SODA LIQUID
What is Caustic Soda Liquid?
Caustic Soda Liquid 50% or Sodium Hydroxide (Sodium Hydroxide) is a mineral compound with a NaOH formula that can be solid (percolate or granular) or solutions with different concentrations. Sodium hydroxide or caustic soda with saturated water is approximately 50% (by weight) (this saturation solution is known for the benefit of the liquid industry). Sodium hydroxide is a highly volatile metallic open source (caustic means corrosive material) and is an alkaline salt dissolved in water, methanol and ethanol. Sodium hydroxide absorbs heavily and airborne carbon dioxide in solid or liquid state.
Use Of Caustic Soda Liquid:
Caustic soda Liquid , is using in some industries, however it is most commonly use in:
making neutralizing acid, soap and detergents Production, Paper and pulp industry, Oil and Gas Industries, Pharmaceutical Industries, making Battery, Food industries, Army industries, Aluminum processing, making Leather factories, Sugar, Metal making and polymer industries.
What is Sodium Sulfate?
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates. All forms are white solids that are highly soluble in water. With an annual production of 6 million tones, the decahydrate is a major commodity chemical product. It is mainly used for the manufacture of detergents and in the kraft process of paper pulping.
Use Of Sodium Sulfate:
Commodity industries, the Kraft process for the manufacture of wood pulp, the glass industry, manufacture of textiles, thermal storage, small-scale applications. Other uses for sodium sulfate include de-frosting windows, starch manufacture, as an additive in carpet fresheners, and as an additive to cattle feed.
What is Sodium Hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl. It is composed of a sodium cation (Na+) and a hypochlorite anion (ClO−); it may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. When dissolved in water it is commonly known as bleach or liquid bleach. Sodium hypochlorite is practically and chemically distinct from chlorine, but may be converted into it by the addition of acid.
Use Of Sodium Hypochlorite:
Bleaching, Cleaning, Disinfection, Deodorizing, Water treatment, Sodium hypochlorite is commonly used as a biocide in industrial applications to control slime and bacteria formation in water systems used at power plants, pulp and paper mills, etc., in solutions typically of 10–15% by weight.
What is Sodium Silicate?
Sodium silicate is the common name for compounds with the formula (Na2SiO2)nO. A well-known member of this series is sodium metasilicate, Na2SiO3. Also known as waterglass or liquid glass, these materials are available in aqueous solution and in solid form. The pure compositions are colourless or white, but commercial samples are often greenish or blue owing to the presence of iron-containing impurities.
Use Of Sodium Silicate:
Adhesive, Drilling fluids, Concrete and general masonry treatment, Detergent auxiliaries, Water treatment, Refractory use, Dye auxiliary, Passive fire protection, Metal repair, Automotive repair, Safe construction, Pottery, Sealing of leaking water-containing structures, Firearm cartridges, Food preservation, Home brewing, Aquaculture, etc.
What is Sodium Sulfide?
Sodium sulfide is the chemical compound with the formula Na2S, or more commonly its hydrate Na2S·9H2O. Both are colorless water-soluble salts that give strongly alkaline solutions. When exposed to moist air, Na2S and its hydrates emit hydrogen sulfide, which smells like rotten eggs. Some commercial samples are specified as Na2S·xH2O, where a weight percentage of Na2S is specified. Commonly available grades have around 60% Na2S by weight, which means that x is around 3. Such technical grades of sodium sulfide have a yellow appearance owing to the presence of polysulfides. These grades of sodium sulfide are marketed as ‘sodium sulfide flakes’. Although the solid is yellow, solutions of it are colorless.
Use Of Sodium Sulfide:
Sodium sulfide is primarily used in the Kraft process in the pulp and paper industry. It is used in water treatment as an oxygen scavenger agent and also as a metals precipitant; in chemical photography for toning black and white photographs; in the textile industry as a bleaching agent, for desulfurising and as a dechlorinating agent; and in the leather trade for the sulfitisation of tanning extracts. It is used in chemical manufacturing as a sulfonation and sulfomethylation agent. It is used in the production of rubber chemicals, sulfur dyes and other chemical compounds. It is used in other applications including ore flotation, oil recovery, making dyes, and detergent. It is also used during leather processing, as an unhairing agent in the liming operation.
What is Sulfuric Acid?
Sulfuric acid is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4. It is a colorless odorless syrupy liquid that is soluble in water, in a reaction that is highly exothermic. Its corrosiveness can be mainly ascribed to its strong acidic nature. It is also hygroscopic, readily absorbing water vapor from the air. Sulfuric acid at even moderate concentrations is very dangerous upon contact with skin.
Use Of Sulfuric Acid:
Sulfuric acid is a very important commodity chemical, and indeed, a nation’s sulfuric acid production is a good indicator of its industrial strength. The major use for sulfuric acid is in the “wet method” for the production of phosphoric acid, used for manufacture of phosphate fertilizers. Another important use for sulfuric acid is for the manufacture of aluminum sulfate, also known as paper maker’s alum. This can react with small amounts of soap on paper pulp fibers to give gelatinous aluminum carboxylates. It is also used for making aluminum hydroxide, Sulfur–iodine cycle, etc.
What is Potassium Chlorate?
Potassium chlorate is a compound containing potassium, chlorine and oxygen atoms, with the molecular formula KClO3. In its pure form, it is a white crystalline substance. It is the most common chlorate in industrial use.
Use Of Potassium Chlorate:
It is used, as an oxidizing agent, to prepare oxygen, as a disinfectant, in safety matches, in explosives and fireworks, in cultivation, forcing the blossoming stage of the longan tree, causing it to produce fruit in warmer climates.
What is Silicium Dioxide?
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula SiO2, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms. In many parts of the world, silica is the major constituent of sand. Silica is one of the most complex and most abundant families of materials, existing as a compound of several minerals and as synthetic product. Notable examples include fused quartz, fumed silica, silica gel, and aerogels. It is used in structural materials, microelectronics, and as components in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
Use Of Silicium Dioxide:
An estimated 95% of silicon dioxide produced is consumed in the construction industry, Crystalline silica is used in hydraulic fracturing of formations which contain tight oil and shale gas. Precursor to glass and silicon, Fumed silica, Personal care, etc.
What is Calcium Chloride?
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2. It is a colorless crystalline solid at room temperature, highly soluble in water. Calcium chloride is commonly encountered as a hydrated solid with generic formula CaCl2(H2O)x, where x = 0, 1, 2, 4, and 6. These compounds are mainly used for de-icing and dust control. Because the anhydrous salt is hygroscopic, it is used as a desiccant.
Use Of Calcium Chloride:
De-icing and freezing point depression, Road surfacing, Water treatment, Food, Medicine, Laboratory and related drying operations. Drying tubes are frequently packed with calcium chloride. Kelp is dried with calcium chloride for use in producing sodium carbonate.
What is Calcium Carbonate?
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3. It is a common substance found in rocks as the minerals calcite and aragonite (most notably as limestone, which contains both of those minerals) and is the main component of pearls and the shells of marine organisms, snails, and eggs. Calcium carbonate is the active ingredient in agricultural lime and is created when calcium ions in hard water react with carbonate ions to create limescale. It is medicinally used as a calcium supplement or as an antacid, but excessive consumption can be hazardous.
Use Of Calcium Carbonate:
The main use of calcium carbonate is in the construction industry, either as a building material or limestone aggregate for road building or as an ingredient of cement or as the starting material for the preparation of builder’s lime by burning in a kiln. Calcium carbonate is also used in the purification of iron from iron ore in a blast furnace. In the oil industry, calcium carbonate is added to drilling fluids as a formation-bridging and filtercake-sealing agent; it is also a weighting material which increases the density of drilling fluids to control the downhole pressure. Calcium carbonate is added to swimming pools, as a pH corrector for maintaining alkalinity and offsetting the acidic properties of the disinfectant agent.[It is also used as a raw material in the refining of sugar from sugar beet, etc.
CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE | PERCHLORINE
What is Calcium Hypochlorite?
Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula Ca(ClO)2. It is the main active ingredient of commercial products called bleaching powder, chlorine powder, or chlorinated lime, used for water treatment and as a bleaching agents. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). It is a white solid, although commercial samples appear yellow. It strongly smells of chlorine, owing to its slow decomposition in moist air. It is not highly soluble in hard water, and is more preferably used in soft to medium-hard water. It has two forms: dry (anhydrous); and hydrated (hydrous).
Use Of Calcium Hypochlorite:
Calcium hypochlorite is commonly used to sanitize public swimming pools and disinfect drinking water. Generally the commercial substance is sold with a purity of a 65 to 73% with other chemicals present, such as calcium chloride and calcium carbonate, resulting from the manufacturing process. As a swimming pool chemical, it is blended with other chemicals less often than other forms of chlorine, due to dangerous reactions with some common pool chemicals. In solution, calcium hypochlorite could be used as a general purpose sanitizer, but due to calcium residue, sodium hypochlorite (bleach) is usually preferred. Calcium hypochlorite is a general oxidizing agent and therefore finds some use in organic chemistry.
What is Chlorinated Paraffin?
Chlorinated paraffin is manufactured by the chlorination of n-paraffin or paraffin wax, normally in a batch process. The reaction is exothermic and leads to the generation of the by-product hydrochloric acid. After removing residual traces of acid, a stabilizer is added to produce finished batches.
Use Of Chlorinated Paraffin:
Chlorinated Paraffin uses for replacing the main plastics Dioxyl Phthalate-Dioxo-Acetyl Phthalate Expansion and Plasticizers in the processing of vinyl polymers, auxiliary polymers and chlorinated tires of neoprene Chlorinated Paraffin is an additives in lubricating oils and industrial oils such as oils in rollers, CP is use as drawing of refractory materials, production of PVC films, Chlorinated paraffin also use for making artificial leather production, rubber industry, cable sheathing, flexible PVC pipes production, and production of marine paints.
What is Aluminum Sulfate?
Aluminum sulfate a chemical compound with formula Al2(SO4)3. It is soluble in water and is mainly used as a coagulating agent (promoting particle collision by neutralizing charge) in the purification of drinking water and waste water treatment plants, and also in paper manufacturing. The anhydrous form occurs naturally as a rare mineral millosevichite, found e.g. in volcanic environments and on burning coal-mining waste dumps.
Use Of Aluminum Sulfate:
Aluminum sulfate is used in water purification and as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles, water purification. Aluminum sulfate is sometimes used to reduce the pH of garden soil, as it hydrolyzes to form the aluminum hydroxide precipitate and a dilute sulfuric acid solution. Another use is a foaming agent in fire fighting foam. It can also be very effective as a molluscicide, killing Spanish slugs. Mordents aluminum triacetate and aluminum sulfacetate can be prepared from aluminum sulfate.
POLY ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE [PAC] [POWDER-LIQUID]
What is PAC?
Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) has been widely used as a substitute for two old aluminum sulfate and chlorophyll copolymers. Poly Aluminum chloride (PAC) has now become one of the most common coagulants used in water purification in many countries.
Use Of PAC:
The main application of (PAC) are: for Purification of drinking water, for Treatment of sewage and waste water from chemical plants and oil and petrochemical industries, for Urban wastewater treatment, for Treatment of wastewater and agricultural waste, for Use in paper and cellulose industries, for Use in textile and leather industries.
SULFONIC ACID [LABSA]
What is LABSA?
Sulfonic acid is a batch of organic sulfur compounds that are used as an anionic surfactant in most home detergents such as dishwashing detergents and washing powders. LABSA compound is used as a cleaning agent, foaming agent and sponge cleaner in more formulations. For the production of sulfonic acid, alkaline benzene linear sulfation is usually used. And its ingredients, Linear Alkyl benzene, Oxygen, Sulfur and Citric Acid.
Use Of LABSA:
Detergents and surfactants, Dyes, Acid catalysts, Drugs, Flow batteries, etc.
TEXAPON N70 | SLES70%
What is Texapon?
TEXAPON N70 or SLES 70% is a highly concentrated sodium lauryl ether Sulphate derived from natural fatty alcohols. Due to its high content of washing active substance, TEXAPON N70 is particularly suited for highly Concentrated end products, or if raw materials with a lower water content are required. When diluted with water, TEXAPON N70 or SLES 70% shows gel structures which are typical of ether Sulfates.
Use Of Texapon:
Owing to its outstanding detergency and cleansing quality TEXAPON N70/SLES 70% is used for the manufacture of liquid dishwashing and technical cleaning agents as well as liquid light-duty detergents. Because of Texapon N70/SLES good foam characteristic and the easy thickening with salt, the product is also suited as a basic surfactant for cosmetic cleansing preparations such as shampoos, shower gels and foam baths.
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE [DMSO]
What is DMSO?
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO. This colorless liquid is an important polar aprotic solvent that dissolves both polar and nonpolar compounds and is miscible in a wide range of organic solvents as well as water. It has a relatively high melting point. DMSO has the unusual property that many individuals perceive a garlic-like taste in the mouth after contact with the skin. In terms of chemical structure, the molecule has idealized Cs symmetry. It has a trigonal pyramidal molecular geometry consistent with other three-coordinate S(IV) compounds, with a no bonded electron pair on the approximately tetrahedral sulfur atom.
Use Of DMSO:
DMSO is a polar aprotic solvent and is less toxic than other members of this class, such as dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, and HMPA. DMSO is frequently used as a solvent for chemical reactions involving salts, most notably Finkelstein reactions and other nucleophilic substitutions. It is also extensively used as an extractant in biochemistry and cell biology. It is a useful solvent for NMR spectroscopy plays a role in sample management and high-throughput screening operations in drug design. DMSO is used in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to inhibit secondary structures in the DNA template or the DNA primers.
What is Formalin?
Formaldehyde (systematic name methanal) is a naturally occurring organic compound with the formula CH2O (H-CHO). It is the simplest of the aldehydes (R-CHO). The common name of this substance comes from its similarity and relation to formic acid. Formaldehyde is an important precursor to many other materials and chemical compounds
Use Of Formalin:
Formaldehyde is a common precursor to more complex compounds and materials. In approximate order of decreasing consumption, products generated from formaldehyde include urea formaldehyde resin, melamine resin, phenol formaldehyde resin, polyoxymethylene plastics, 1,4-butanediol, and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate. The textile industry uses formaldehyde-based resins as finishers to make fabrics crease-resistant. Formaldehyde-based materials are key to the manufacture of automobiles, and used to make components for the transmission, electrical system, engine block, door panels, axles and brake shoes. Formaldehyde is also a precursor to polyfunctional alcohols such as pentaerythritol, which is used to make paints and explosives. Other formaldehyde derivatives include methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, an important component in polyurethane paints and foams, and hexamine, which is used in phenol-formaldehyde resins as well as the explosive RDX.