What is Barite?Barite is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate. It most often occurs in hydrothermal veins and as veins in limestones. It is a relatively inert mineral with a high density. It is the primary ore of barium. The most common use of barite is as a weighting agent in drilling muds.
Use of Barite:Most barite produced is used as a weighting agent in drilling muds. Barite is also used as a pigment in paints and as weighted filler for paper and cloth. It is the primary ore of barium. Barite's high density makes it opaque to x-rays. If it is given to a patient as a drink or enema it can be used to image the shape of internal organs by x-ray.
What is Bentonite?Bentonite clay is a fine-grained rock composed mainly of Montmorillonite minerals. Bentonite clay is composed of microscopic platelets consisting of layers of aluminum hydroxide held between layers of silicate atoms. These platelets are stacked one on top of the other
Use of Bentonite:Bentonite has high swelling properties along with good viscosity and liquid limit. These properties are highly valued in most of the industrial applications. Sodium bentonite is well suited as a binder in the preparation of pellets and in foundry and as oil well drilling mud. Bentonite also acts as a suspending agent in oil well drilling fluids. Sodium-based bentonite of 75 micron size finds suitability in iron ore palletization for bonding by user industries. Bentonite clay is also used in pyrotechnics, to make end plugs and rocket engine nozzles.
What is Hematite?Hematite is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides. Weighting material is ground Hematite and meets API Specification 13A Section 8 for drilling fluid Hematite. It is used to increase the density of drilling fluids to control formation pressures. Weighting material has a specific gravity of 4.8 and can be used to increase the density in oil and water-based drilling fluids up to 25 lb/gal (3.0 SG). Weighting material has a higher specific gravity than barite, and so requires less total product to achieve the same fluid density, but tends to be more abrasive than weighting material.
Use Of Hematite:Hematite is the world’s most important ore of iron. Although magnetite contains a higher percentage of iron and is easier to process, hematite is the leading ore because it is more abundant and present in deposits in many parts of the world. The mineral is used to produce pigments, preparations for heavy media separation, radiation shielding, ballast, and many other products.
What is Gilsonite?Also known as Natural Bitumen (Natural Asphalt) is a Heavy Hydrocarbon formed directly from crude oil reserves, it is produced when the volatile elements of crude oil are evaporated under immense pressure during many years and with specific physical and geographical conditions, therefore Gilsonite is in Solid shape with dark color and high carbon content and based on each mine geology Gilsonite could have different specifications.
Use of Gilsonite:
- Gilsonite for road construction and asphalt
- Gilsonite for roof insulation and isolation
- Gilsonite for oil drilling as drilling mud